Operation of a Fire Extinguisher
Before You Fight a Fire
- Make sure everyone has vacated the building, and the fire department has been notified
- Make sure the fire is small, confined, and not spreading
- Make sure you have an unobstructed escape route
- Make sure your extinguisher is the right one for that type of fire
- Make sure you know how to use a fire extinguisher
Read the manufacturer’s instructions and familiarize yourself with your fire extinguisher. Keep your back to a clear exit and stand six to eight feet away from the fire.
PASS Method: PULL – AIM – SQUEEZE – SWEEP (P.A.S.S.)
Pull the pin
This will allow you to squeeze the handle to discharge the fire extinguisher.
Aim at the base of the fire
Aiming at the middle of the fire, will not put it out. The extinguishing agent will pass through the flames.
Squeeze the handle
This will release the pressurized extinguishing agent.
Sweep from side to side
Spray the extinguisher nozzle or hose at the base of the fire, moving carefully from side to side. Continue until the fire is extinguished.
Once the fire goes out, keep an eye on the area, and be prepared to repeat the process if the fire re-ignites.
Remember, fire extinguishers are designed to put out small fires! Most portable fire extinguishers are designed to last about ten to eighteen seconds. If the fire becomes large, do not attempt to extinguish … GET OUT! When exiting, close doors behind your to slow the spread of the fire. Call 9-1-1 from a safe place.